China @ 四 川 | Song Xinchao, deputy director of the State Cultural Relics, Interpretation of the three-star reasons, archaeological discovery: What does the discovery of 6 "sacrificial pits"?

  Xinhua News Agency, March 20th, Supreme: What does the discovery of 6 "sacrificial pits"? Song Xinchao, deputy director of the National Cultural Relics Bureau, interprets the Samsung Pile Site Archaeological Discovery Xinhua News Agency reporter Shi Yuxi, Wang Peng "Sleeping for 3,000 years, awakening the world". The Samsung Pile Site has been regarded as a shining star in the Changhe River in China.

  On the 20th, the progress of "Archeological China" major project work will be held in Chengdu, Sichuan Province, informing the important archaeological discovery and research results of Sanxin Piles in Sichuan Province. Around this Samsung Stack Accountant, the highlight of the archaeological work, the vice director of the National Cultural Relics Bureau, Song Tong, an interview with Xinhua News Agency reporter. 6 "sacrificial pits" found rare cultural relics: What are the highlights and results of Samsung stacks? What is the significance of the development of archaeological work in my country? A: Under the guidance of the National Cultural Relics Bureau, during the "13th Five-Year Plan", Sichuan Province continued to carry out an archaeological survey of Samsung, after many years of continuous efforts, archaeologists found 6 Samsung Piles from November 2019 to May 2020. Cultural "sacrificial pits", which found bronze, large bronze masks, and ivory-shaped jewelry carved with diamond-shaped shades, are very important new discoveries.

Specifically, this new discovery has important significance in the following aspects: first, to enrich and deepen our understanding of the Sanxingdui culture.

In 1986, the Sanxingdui ruins Discovery 1,2 "sacrificial pits." 30 years, academic research has never stopped Sanxingdui culture, also raised a lot of questions, a lot of discussion unfold.

The Sanxingdui archaeological discoveries in the same area, more enriched the connotation of the value of Sanxingdui, it will help us to better understand the whole picture of the Sanxingdui culture, promote the Sanxingdui culture research has made greater progress.

  Second, help to deepen our understanding of cultural relations Chengdu Plain and its surrounding area. Sanxingdui archaeological fully reflects the ancient Shu civilization, an important contribution to Chinese civilization and culture of the Yangtze River, is an important example of one kind of Chinese civilization diverse development model. Since 1986, the Sichuan Basin and in Hubei, Shaanxi, Yunnan, Gansu and other places around, there are many new archaeological discoveries and research results.

Thus, we can put this newly discovered archaeological ruins of Sanxingdui, placed within a broader framework of time and space analysis, comparative study, clearer and deeper understanding of the historical origins of Sanxingdui culture, a more accurate interpretation of Chinese culture in the Yangtze River an important role in civilization.

  Third, help solve the critical problem of Sanxingdui cultural and academic "sacrificial pits" in nature, culture, breaking study behalf of the other. For example, how to understand the relationship between several "burial pits" of? There are still differences in the same period of years? Especially with the advances in carbon-14 dating techniques, combined with the archaeological excavations, we can collect the series dating of samples, each block "sacrificial pits" can have a specific concept of time, for years Sanxingdui culture more accurate concluded, which will also help to further reveal the whole picture of the Sanxingdui culture in the future. Multidisciplinary, open new archaeological work mode Q: The archaeological work is the result of a multi-disciplinary cohesion of you talk about and effectiveness in this regard? A: The Sanxingdui archaeological excavations uphold the "task default, the protection of synchronous, multi-disciplinary integration, multi-team" concept, full of new ideas and advances in archeology archeology techniques in the New. In September 2020, the Sichuan Provincial Administration of Cultural Heritage will be organized the Sanxingdui archaeological excavations and research consulting will ensure that the new discovery "sacrificial pits" and the surrounding ruins of archaeological excavations, the smooth conduct on-site technical protection and multidisciplinary cooperation projects, the system grasp the formation of Sanxingdui "sacrifice zone", regional and spatial pattern. This is a scientific and technological power of archeology.

In the course of excavations by archaeologists make full use of modern technology, construction archaeological excavations cabin, integrated platform to explore, discover multi-functional operating system, equipped with on-site emergency protection and detection equipment, to provide for the collection of archaeological information, safety of cultural relics protection effective protection.

In addition, the archaeologists have also set up an information platform for the archaeological excavation of cultural relics data, image data, environmental monitoring data and other archaeological work in a comprehensive records management and science.

  This is the first open archaeological cooperation.

Under the National Heritage Board to coordinate support, Sichuan Province Bureau of Cultural Relics and Archeology Research Institute of CASS organization, Peking University, Sichuan Provincial Cultural Relics and Archeology Research Institute and other domestic research institutes and university cooperation, the formation of archeology, conservation and research joint team.

In the multi-disciplinary, multi-agency team of professionals under the support, constitute the traditional archeology, archeology laboratory, scientific and technological archeology, conservation deep integration mode of operation. This multi-disciplinary, multi-agency cooperation, to show a new model of organization of the archaeological project, realized archaeological excavations, research and timely and effective system to protect the scene combined to ensure the high quality and high level of archaeological work. The Sanxingdui ruins to build a national conservation area use demonstration Q: Next, what direction Sanxingdui archaeological work is? A: In March, the National Heritage Board has determined "Bashu civilization process research in Sichuan and Chongqing" as a major project, "Archeology in China".

Next, we will continue to coordinate support for archaeological research institutions systematically studied the evolution of civilization in Sichuan and Chongqing and its integration into the historical process of the Chinese yuan one overall pattern, while the Sichuan-Chongqing region culture on a broader perspective, and in Southwest China interaction and impact of the surrounding area.

  Build national conservation and utilization demonstration area is also one of our priorities.

December 2019, the State Administration of Cultural Heritage signed a cooperation agreement with the Sichuan Provincial People’s Government, relying on the support of Sichuan Sanxingdui use to create a national heritage conservation demonstration area.

We will rely on the results of archaeological excavations, guidance on Cultural Relics Bureau, the local people’s government in the National Archaeological Park Sanxingdui relics protection and construction, exhibition and research, protection of cultural heritage to play in promoting local economic, social and cultural development the unique role.

  In addition, to promote better protect the heritage of the Yangtze River culture, play to history education role, speak good heritage story to the people, we will assist local strengthen the museum building, to deepen public understanding of the Sanxingdui culture through high-quality museum exhibitions to Sanxingdui culture the importance of better carried "flying into the homes of ordinary people."